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Toulouse 2017. Lifehack.

Toulouse or the "pink city" as it is called because of the color of the stone from which houses were built here from ancient times is the fourth city in France by population and the second by "quality of life".

The first traces of settlements in the area of ​​Toulouse date back to VIII-VII centuries BC. The name Toulouse was first mentioned in the Latin sources of the II century BC. In the I century BC. Toulouse becomes the capital of the Roman province of Narbonne Gaul. From III to V century in Christianity actively spread in Toulouse. From VI to XIII century for Toulouse franks, Spaniards and Arabs fight, and only in 843 Toulouse is part of the West-Frankish kingdom, the possession of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne). After the Great French Revolution, in 1790, Toulouse lost its status as the capital of the region, and became the capital of the department of Haute Garonne, which remains to this day.

What to see:

The Basilique Saint-Sernin de Toulouse, located on Place Saint-Sernin, was built in the 12th century, in honor of the first Christian martyr of Toulouse, Saint Saturninus, who, according to legend, received a martyr's death around 250.

The Dominican Monastery complex (Ensemble conventuel des Jacobins), located on Rue Pargaminières, which was founded in 1215 by Dominique Guzman, the future holy Dominic.

The Place Saint-Pierre and the church of St. Peter's Cuisines were built in the 5th century. Now in the church of St. Peter Kyuizin there is a concert hall of the Toulouse Conservatory of the city.

The former monastery and the Museum of Augustines (Musée des Augustins), located on the rue de Metz and built in the 13th century, is the largest art museum in Toulouse. Now the museum's collection includes 4,000 pieces of art, both paintings and sculptures. In the museum there are paintings of such famous painters as Jean-Baptiste Udry, Toulouse-Lautrec, Guido Reni, Rubens.

The hospital of la Grave and the chapel of St. Joseph (Hôpital de La Grave et Chapelle Saint-Joseph de la Grave), located on Place Lange, was first mentioned in the annals in 1197. The construction of the chapel of St. Joseph began in 1758 and was completed only in 1845. For almost 100 years, there was a threat of collapse of the heavily domed chapel and only in the XIX century was found an architectural solution that allows you to keep a dome weighing more than eight tons.

The hospital of St. James (Hôtel Dieu Saint-Jacques), located on Rue de la Viguerie, was built in 1227. And in 1554 the hospital received the status of an urban hospital. Now in the hospital there is a museum of the history of medicine.

Capitol (Capitole), located on Place du Capitole, was built in 1759. Today, the Capitol building houses the City Hall and the Opera House.

The Hôtel d'Assézat, located on Place d'Assézat, was built in the 16th century for the wealthy Toulouse industrialist Pierre Asssez. Now the building houses the Museum of the Bamberg Foundation, which exhibits paintings by famous Italian Mannerists and French Impressionists.

The botanical garden (Jardin des plantes de Toulouse), opened in 1794, is a single complex with two other public parks - the Royal Garden and the Grande Rhone Park.

The space town (Cité de l'espace), is located on Avenue Jean Gonord. This is a theme park dedicated to the exploration of space and the history of the solar system.

How to get there:

 

By train:

From Paris to Toulouse can be reached by a high-speed train for 5 hours 30 minutes. The train departs from Gare Montparnasse station, Gare Montparnasse metro station. The fare is from 90 €. You can buy a ticket on the site or at the ticket offices of the railway station.

From Bordeaux to Toulouse can be reached in 2 hours. The fare is from 38 €. You can buy a ticket on the site or at the ticket offices of the railway station.

By car:

From Paris to Toulouse 679 km, the journey time is 6 hours. The cost of fuel (diesel) is from 61 €. The fare on toll roads is 33 €.

From Bordeaux to Toulouse is 244 km, the journey time is 2 hours 20 minutes. The cost of fuel (diesel) is from 22 €. The fare for toll roads is 17.5 €.

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